Angina or angina pectoris, is the correct term to describe the pain, discomfort, ache or other symptoms that occur when blood flow to heart muscle cells is not enough to meet its energy needs. Angina is usually described as a crushing or debilitating pain and heaviness or pressure that radiates across the chest, sometimes down the arm, into the neck, jaw or teeth, or into the back. It is commonly also associated with shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating and weakness. This article will discuss some facts about angina, as well as its causes.
Some Facts about Angina
- Not all people use pain as a description for angina, but rather, describe it as a sensation of fullness, tightness, burning, squeezing or ache.
- Angina is often brought on by exercise or other such activities which put pressure on the heart. Such instances of angina get better with rest. When the body requires the heart to pump more blood, the heart muscle is asked to do more work which causes it to exceed its energy supply. When the body rests, angina starts to subside.
- Angina progresses slowly, and over time. Patients mostly do not understand that symptoms like fatigue and intolerance to any strenuous physical activity is due to heart disease. If and when the pain starts coming on even at rest, it is a really worrisome scenario which means that even little activity is causing enough stress to cause angina symptoms.
- For some patients, there may be no symptoms at all even when the arteries have narrowed significantly. A myocardial infarction or a heart attack might be the first instance a person gets to know that they have heart disease.
- The correct term according to cardiologistsfor the condition is angina pectoris, which should be kept in mind, because there are other types of anginas which have nothing to do with the heart or blood flow. These include Ludwig’s angina, which is a serious infection of the floor of the mouth, as well as Vincent’s angina, in which painful ulcers affect the gums, mouth and tongue.
The most common reason for angina are narrowed arteries, which can be caused by atherosclerotic heart disease (ASHD), or by cholesterol plaque, which gradually builds on the inner lining of the coronary artery, narrowing its diameter and decreasing the amount of blood that can flow past the blockage. This soon results in angina. Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat) of both types, bradycardia (slow heartbeat) as well as tachycardia (fast heartbeat) also can be causes of angina. Anaemia can be another cause, as well as carbon-dioxide or carbon-monoxide poisoning.
There are leading heart hospitals in Patna, whereyou can find top heart specialists in Patna. The cardiologists in Patna are now at par with cardiologists of other metropolitan cities, with the establishment of multi-facility super-specialty hospitals in Patna.